SCT Readings

Introduction to SCT

People get acquainted with systems-centered work either by doing – attending a workshop – or by reading. If you like to read first, here are some suggestions for getting started with systems-centered theory and its applications.

Articles

  • Agazarian, Y.M (1992). Systems-centered group psychotherapy: How to develop a working group.

    Paper written for Friends Hospital Series on The Systems-centered Approach to Group-as-a-whole Therapy. Good Enough Press.

    A brief systems-centered 'how to' for developing a group with working energy focused on its goals. Introduces systems-centered thinking about boundaries, goals and functional sub-grouping as a way of integrating differences.

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  • Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2004). Systems-centered emotional intelligence: Beyond individual systems to organizational systems. Organizational Analysis, 12 (2), 147-169. doi: 10.1108/eb028990

    The systems-centered view of emotional intelligence and organizational learning. Good summary of the Theory of Living Human Systems and some of its applications in organizations.

    This article is available with permission of the publisher.

Books

  • Systems-Centered Theory Readings: The Visible and Invisible Group 

    Agazarian, Y.M., & Peters, R. (1981). The visible and invisible group. London, UK: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Reprint (1987). London, UK: Karnac Books. 

     

 

  • Systems-Centered Therapy for GroupsAgazarian, Y.M. (1997). Systems-centered therapy for groups. New York, NY: Guilford. Reprint (2004). London, UK: Karnac Books.  

 

 

 

  • Yvonne Agazarian - Autobiography of a Theory, Systems-Centered Theory.Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2000). Autobiography of a theory, London, UK: Jessica Kingsley.

    The story of how Yvonne M Agazarian developed her Theory of Living Human Systems and its associated methods and techniques. Good place to start if you're interested in theory.  

 

 

  • Systems Centered Theory Readings: A systems-centered approach to inpatient group psychotherapyAgazarian, Y.M. (2001). A systems-centered approach to inpatient group psychotherapy. London, UK & Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley.This short book gives an actual transcript of a group meeting for the first time. The group dialogue is interspersed with Yvonne Agazarian describing her interventions and linking them to the theory on which they are based. Excellent introduction for clinicians.  

 

 

  • Systems Centered Theory Readings: SCT in action: Applying the systems-centered approach in organizationsGantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (Eds.) (2005). SCT in action: Applying the systems-centered approach in organizations. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse. Reprint (2006). London, UK: Karnac Books. 

 

 

 

  • Systems-centered practice: Selected papers on group psychotherapy. Systems-Centered Theory ReadingsAgazarian, Y.M. (2006). Systems-centered practice: Selected papers on group psychotherapy. London, UK: Karnac Books.  

 

 

 

 

  • Systems-centered therapy: In clinical practice with individuals, families and groups. Systems-Centered Theory ReadingsGantt, S.P. , & Agazarian, Y.M. (Eds.) (2006). Systems-centered therapy: In clinical practice with individuals, families and groups. Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.  

 

 

 

  • Systems-centered theory and practice: The contribution of Yvonne Agazarian. Systems-Centered Theory ReadingsAgazarian, Y.M. (2010). Systems-centered theory and practice: The contribution of Yvonne Agazarian (Edited by SCTRI). Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.  

 

 

 

 

Basic Readings

A selection of books and articles by Yvonne M. Agazarian which describe the essentials of systems-centered work.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1992). Friends Series I. System-centered theory & practice: In Y.M. Agazarian, Systems-centered theory and practice: The contribution of Yvonne Agazarian (Edited by SCTRI.) (pp. 1-45). Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.  Available with permission of publisher

Agazarian, Y.M. (1994). The phases of development and the systems-centered group. In M. Pines & V. Schermer (Eds.), Ring of fire: Primitive object relations and affect in group psychotherapy (pp. 36-85). London, UK: Routledge, Chapman & Hall.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1997). Systems‑centered therapy for groups. New York, NY: Guilford. Re‑printed in paperback (2004). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1997). Glossary of SCT terms. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 3-10.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1997). Systems-centered therapy. In H. G. Rosenthal (Ed.), Favorite counseling and therapy techniques. Washington, DC: Accelerated Development.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1999). Phases of development in the systems-centered group. Small Group Research, 30(1), 82-107. doi: 10.1177/104649649903000105

Agazarian, Y.M. (2001). A systems-centered approach to inpatient group psychotherapy. London, UK & Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2002). A systems-centered approach to individual and group psychotherapy. In L. Vandecreek & T. Jackson (Eds.), Innovations in clinical practice: A source book, Vol. 20 (pp. 223-240). Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2010). Systems-centered theory and practice: The contribution of Yvonne Agazarian (Edited by SCTRI.) Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2012). Systems-centered group psychotherapy: A theory of living human systems and its systems-centered practice. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 36(1), 19-36.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2012). Systems-centered group psychotherapy: Putting theory into practice. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 62(2) 171-195. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2012.62.2.171

Agazarian, Y.M., & Byram, C. (2009). First build the system: The systems-centered approach to combined psychotherapy. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 33(2), 129-148.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Carter, F. (1993). The large group and systems-centered theory. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 17(4), 210-234.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2000). Autobiography of a theory: Developing a theory of living human systems and its systems-centered practice. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2003). Phases of group development: Systems-centered hypotheses and their implications for research and practice. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice, 7(3), 238-252. doi: 10.1037/1089-2699.7.3.238

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2005). The systems perspective. In S. Wheelan (Ed.), Handbook of group research and practice (pp. 187-200). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.  Available with permission of publisher

Agazarian, Y.M., & Janoff, S. (1993). Systems theory and small groups. In I. Kaplan & B. Sadock (Eds.), Comprehensive textbook of group psychotherapy (pp. 33-44, 3rd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, Division of Waverly.

Gantt, S.P., & Hopper, E. (2012). Two perspectives on a trauma in a training group: The systems-centered approach and the theory of incohesion. In E. Hopper (Ed.), Trauma and Organizations (pp. 233-254). London, UK: Karnac Books.

 

Clinical Readings

Additional readings on clinical applications of SCT.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1987). The difficult patient, the difficult group. In Symposium: A discussion of the videotapes of a difficult group. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 11(4), 205-216. doi: 10.1007/BF01459385

Agazarian, Y.M. (1999). Systems-centered supervision. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 49(2), 215-236.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1999). Systems-centered therapy. In J. Donigian & D. Hulse-Killacky (Eds.), Critical incidents in group therapy. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2001). A systems-centered approach to inpatient group psychotherapy. London, UK & Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2006). Systems-centered practice: Selected papers on group psychotherapy. London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2010). Systems-centered theory and practice: The contribution of Yvonne Agazarian (Edited by SCTRI.) Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2012). Systems-centered group psychotherapy: A theory of living human systems and its systems-centered practice. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 36(1), 19-36.    

Agazarian, Y.M. (2012). Systems-centered group psychotherapy: Putting theory into practice. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 62(2) 171-195. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2012.62.2.171

Agazarian, Y.M., & Byram, C. (2009). First build the system: The systems-centered approach to combined psychotherapy. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 33(2), 129-148.

Cilasun, J., & Herrewegh, M. (2013). The ‘group-analytic stance’ in training of psychiatrists: Race, cultural differences and the case based discussion group. Group Analysis, 46(3), 245-255. doi: 10.1177/0533316413495486

Ganley, R. (1997). Psychological and psycho-educational evaluations: Increasing the permeability of the reality-irreality and person-self boundaries. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 34-38.

Gantt, S.P. (1996). Defense analysis: Linking SCT theory and practice - cognitive defenses. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 1, 35-40.

Gantt, S.P. (1997). Similarities and differences. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 23-30.

Gantt, S.P. (2011). Systems-centered approach to groups. In J. Kleinberg (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of group psychotherapy (pp. 113-138). Oxford, UK: Wiley.

Gantt, S.P., & Adams, J.M. (2010). Systems-centered training for therapists: Beyond stereotyping to integrating diversities into the change process. Women & Therapy, 33(1), 101-120. doi: 10.1080/02703140903404812

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (Eds.) (2006). Systems-centered therapy: In clinical practice with individuals, families and groups. Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2010). Developing the group mind through functional subgrouping: Linking systems-centered training (SCT) and interpersonal neurobiology. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 60(4), 515-544. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2010.60.4.515   Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2011). The group mind, systems-centred functional subgrouping, and interpersonal neurobiology. In E. Hopper & H. Weinberg (Eds.), The social unconscious in persons, groups, and societies: Volume 1: Mainly theory (pp. 99-123). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2011). Highlights from ten years of a systems-centered large group: Work in progress. Voices: The Art and Science of Psychotherapy, 47(1), 40-50.

Gantt, S.P., & Cox, P. (Eds.) (2010). Introduction to the special issue: Neurobiology and building interpersonal systems: Groups, couples, and beyond [Special issue]. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 60(4), 455-461. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2010.60.4.455 

Gantt, S.P., & Hopper, E. (2008). Two perspectives on a trauma in a training group: The systems-centered approach and the theory of incohesion (part I). Group Analysis, 41(1), 92-106. doi: 10.1177/0533316408088416    Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Hopper, E. (2008). Two perspectives on a trauma in a training group: The systems-centered approach and the theory of incohesion (part II). Group Analysis, 41(2), 123-139. doi: 10.1177/0533316408089879    Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Hopper, E. (2012). Two perspectives on a trauma in a training group: The systems-centered approach and the theory of incohesion. In E. Hopper (Ed.), Trauma and organizations (pp. 233-254). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Goldberg, S. (1997). Module 1 defense modification: Its application for short-term individual and group psychotherapy. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 31-33.

Ladden, L. J., Gantt, S. P., Rude, S., & Agazarian, Y. M. (2007). Systems-centered therapy: A protocol for treating generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, (37)2, 61-70. doi: 10.1007/s10879-006-9037-6   Available with permission of publisher

McCluskey, U. (2002). The dynamics of attachment and systems-centered group psychotherapy. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice, 6(2), 131-142.

McCluskey, U. (2005). To be met as a person: The Dynamics of attachment in professional encounters. London, UK: Karnac Books.

McHenry, I. (1997). Integrating and transforming grief: A phenomenological account of a member's experience in a systems-centered group. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 58-60.

Michael, T.A. (1997). Does that dream have a subgroup? The use of dreams in systems-centered theory. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 18-22.

O'Neill, R.M. (1996). Building an historical-empirical context for the systems-centered theory and practice. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 1, 19-22.

O'Neill, R.M. (1997). Systems-centered theory and the trans-theoretical stages of change: Building a bridge of theory and data. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 11-17.

O’Neill, R.M., Gantt, S.P., Burlingame, G.M., Mogle, J., Johnson, J., & Silver, R. (2013). Developing the systems-centered functional subgrouping questionnaire-2. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 17(4), 252-269. doi: 10.1037/a0034925

O'Neill, R.M., Smyth, J.M., & MacKenzie, M.J. (2011). Systems-centered functional subgrouping links the member to the group dynamics and goals: How-to and a pilot study. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 35(2), 105-121.

 

Group Development Readings

Additional readings on group development from the systems-centered perspective.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1992). Friends Series I. System-centered theory & practice: In Y.M. Agazarian, Systems-centered theory and practice: The contribution of Yvonne Agazarian (Edited by SCTRI.) (pp. 1-45). Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.  Available with permission of publisher

Agazarian, Y.M. (1992). Contemporary theories of group psychotherapy: A systems approach to the group-as-a-whole. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 42(3), 177-203.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1993). Reframing the group-as-a-whole. In T. Hugg, N. Carson, & R. Lipgar, (Eds.), Changing group relations: Proceedings of the ninth scientific meeting of the A.K. Rice Institute (pp.165-187). Juniper, FL: A.K. Rice Institute.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2006). Systems-centered practice: Selected papers on group psychotherapy. London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2010). Systems-centered theory and practice: The contribution of Yvonne Agazarian (Edited by SCTRI.) Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Carter, F. (1993). The large group and systems-centered theory. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 17(4), 210-234.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2003). Phases of group development: Systems-centered hypotheses and their implications for research and practice. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice, 7(3), 238-252. doi: 10.1037/1089-2699.7.3.238

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2005). The systems-centered approach to the group-as-a-whole. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 29(1), 163-186.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2005). The systems perspective. In S. Wheelan (Ed.), Handbook of group research and practice (pp. 187-200). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.  Available with permission of publisher

Agazarian, Y.M., & Peters, R. (1981). The visible and invisible group. London, UK: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Re‑printed in paperback (1987). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Brabender, V., & Fallon, A. (2009). Group development in practice. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Carter, F. (1996). Working with large groups in crisis: A systems-centered approach. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 1, 45-52.

Carter, F. (2000). Relationships as a function of context. In U. McCluskey & C. Hooper (Eds.), Psychodynamic perspectives on abuse: The cost of fear. London, UK & Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley.Gantt, S.P. (2011). Systems-centered approach to groups. In J. Kleinberg (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of group psychotherapy (pp. 113-138). Oxford, UK: Wiley.

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2010). Developing the group mind through functional subgrouping: Linking systems-centered training (SCT) and interpersonal neurobiology. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 60(4), 515-544. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2010.60.4.515   Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2011). The group mind, systems-centred functional subgrouping, and interpersonal neurobiology. In E. Hopper & H. Weinberg (Eds.), The social unconscious in persons, groups, and societies: Volume 1: Mainly theory (pp. 99-123). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2011). Highlights from ten years of a systems-centered large group: Work in progress. Voices: The Art and Science of Psychotherapy, 47(1), 40-50.

Gantt, S.P., & Badenoch, B. (Eds.) (2013). The interpersonal neurobiology of group psychotherapy and group process. London, UK: Karnac Books.

Gantt, S.P., & Cox, P. (Eds.) (2010). Introduction to the special issue: Neurobiology and building interpersonal systems: Groups, couples, and beyond [Special issue]. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 60(4), 455-461. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2010.60.4.455

Gantt, S.P., & Hopper, E. (2008). Two perspectives on a trauma in a training group: The systems-centered approach and the theory of incohesion (part I). Group Analysis, 41(1), 92-106. doi: 10.1177/0533316408088416  Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Hopper, E. (2008). Two perspectives on a trauma in a training group: The systems-centered approach and the theory of incohesion (part II). Group Analysis, 41(2), 123-139. doi: 10.1177/0533316408089879  Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Hopper, E. (2012). Two perspectives on a trauma in a training group: The systems-centered approach and the theory of incohesion. In E. Hopper (Ed.), Trauma and organizations (pp. 233-254). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Haddock, R. (2004). Drawing the isolate into the group flow: A commentary from a systems-centered therapy perspective. Group Analysis, 37(1), 82-90. Available with permission of publisher

Kahn, C. (1996). Evolution of group therapy from individual in the group to group-as-a-whole to group-as-a-system. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 1, 13-18.

O’Neill, R.M., & Constantino, M.J. (2008). Systems-centered training groups’ process and outcome: A comparison with AGPA institute groups. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 58(1), 77-102. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2008.58.1.77

O’Neill, R.M., Constantino, M.J., & Mogle, J. (2012). Does Agazarian’s systems-centered functional subgrouping improve mood, learning and goal achievement?: A study in large groups. Group Analysis, 45, 375-390. doi: 10.1177/0533316412448287

O’Neill, R.M., Gantt, S.P., Burlingame, G.M., Mogle, J., Johnson, J., & Silver, R. (2013). Developing the systems-centered functional subgrouping questionnaire-2. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 17(4), 252-269. doi: 10.1037/a0034925

O’Neill, R.M., Murphy, V., Mogle, J., MacKenzie, M.J., MacGregor, K.L., Pearson, M., & Parekh, M. (2013). Are systems-centered teams more collaborative, productive and creative? Journal of Team Performance Management, 19(3/4), 201-221. doi: 10.1108/TPM-04-2012-0015

O'Neill, R.M., Smyth, J.M. & MacKenzie, M.J. (2011). Systems-centered functional subgrouping links the member to the group dynamics and goals: How-to and a pilot study. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 35(2), 105-121.

 

Organizational & Educational Readings

Additional readings on organizational and educational applications of SCT.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1996). An up-to-date guide to the theory, constructs and hypotheses of a theory of living human systems and its systems-centered practice. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 1, 3-12.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2001). A systems-centered approach to inpatient group psychotherapy. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2010). Systems-centered theory and practice: The contribution of Yvonne Agazarian (Edited by SCTRI.) Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2000). Autobiography of a theory: Developing a theory of living human systems and its systems-centered practice. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2003). Phases of group development: Systems-centered hypotheses and their implications for research and practice. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice, 7(3), 238-252. doi: 10.1037/1089-2699.7.3.238

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2005). The systems perspective. In S. Wheelan (Ed.), Handbook of group research and practice (pp. 187-200). Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage.  Available with permission of publisher

Agazarian, Y.M., & Philibossian, B. (1998). A theory of living human systems as an approach to leadership of the future with examples of how it works. In E. Klein, F. Gabelnick & P. Herr (Eds.), The psychodynamics of leadership (pp. 127-160). Madison, CT: Psychosocial Press.

Davis, R. (2013). Creating the conditions for all voices to be heard: Strategies for working with differences. e-O&P Journal of the Association for Management Education and Development, 20(1), 23-29. Available with permission of publisher

Farrier, A., Davis, R., Froggett, L., & Poursanidou, K. (2010). “Shotgun partnership”: A systems-centered case study analysis.  Journal of Place Management and Development, 3(2), 136 -148. doi: 10.1108/17538331011062685

Gantt, S.P. (2005). Functional role-taking in organizations and work groups. Group Psychologist (APA Division 49 newsletter), 15(5), 15.  Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P. (2009). The clinical pastoral circle: Using systems-centered methods to develop a clinical pastoral team. In C.F. Garlid, A.A. Zollfrank & G. Fitchett (Eds.), Expanding the circle: Essays in honor of Joan Hemenway (pp. 109-136). Decatur, GA: Journal of Pastoral Care Publications.

Gantt, S.P. (2011). Systems-centered approach to groups. In J. Kleinberg (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of group psychotherapy (pp. 113-138). Oxford, UK: Wiley.

Gantt, S.P. (2013). Applying systems-centered theory (SCT) and methods in organizational contexts: Putting SCT to work. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 63(2), 234-258. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2013.63.2.234

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2004). Systems-centered emotional intelligence: Beyond individual systems to organizational systems. Organizational Analysis, 12 (2), 147-169. doi: 10.1108/eb028990   Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (Eds.) (2005). SCT in action: Applying the systems-centered approach in organizations. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse. Reprint (2006). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2007). Phases of system development in organizational work groups: The systems-centered approach for intervening in context. Organisational & Social Dynamics, 7(2), 253-291.  Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2010). Developing the group mind through functional subgrouping: Linking systems-centered training (SCT) and interpersonal neurobiology. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 60(4), 515-544. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2010.60.4.515   Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2011). The group mind, systems-centred functional subgrouping, and interpersonal neurobiology. In E. Hopper & H. Weinberg (Eds.), The social unconscious in persons, groups, and societies: Volume 1: Mainly theory (pp. 99-123). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Koprowska, J. (1999). Videotapes: Moving images: The teaching and learning of interviewing skills in a university social work department. Facts, Feelings and Feedback: A collaborative approach to direct observation. [Available from the author at: University of York, Department of Social Policy and Social Work, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK. Cost $50 for each set.]

O’Neill, R.M., & Constantino, M.J. (2008). Systems-centered training groups’ process and outcome: A comparison with AGPA institute groups. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 58(1), 77-102. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2008.58.1.77

O’Neill, R.M., Murphy, V., Mogle, J., MacKenzie, M.J., MacGregor, K.L., Pearson, M., & Parekh, M. (2013). Are systems-centered teams more collaborative, productive and creative? Journal of Team Performance Management, 19(3/4), 201-221. doi: 10.1108/TPM-04-2012-0015

Philibossian, B. (1996). Organizational application of the concept of functional subgrouping. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 1, 62-64.

Solomon-Gillis, C., & Trey, B. (1997). Applying systems-centered theory (SCT) to organizational consulting. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 39-42.

Tschuschke, V. (1997). A summary of process-outcome relationships in a systems-centered group compared with the effects of other special interest groups (SIG groups) at the 1996 AGPA Institute. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 61-63.

 

Background Readings

Books and articles which contributed significantly to the development of systems-centered theory, and selected earlier work by Yvonne M. Agazarian.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1969). The agency as a change agent. In A. H.Goldberg (Ed.), Blindness research: The expanding frontiers. University Park, PA and London, UK: Penn State Press.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1982). Role as a bridge construct in understanding the relationship between the individual and the group. In M. Pines & L. Rafaelson (Eds.), The individual and the group, boundaries and interrelations, Vol. I, Theory. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1983). Theory of invisible group applied to individual and group-as-a-whole interpretations. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 7 (2), 27-37.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1983). Some advantages of applying multi-dimensional thinking to the teaching, practice and outcomes of group psychotherapy. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy 33 (2), 243-247.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1986). Application of Lewin’s life space concept to the individual and group-as-a-whole systems in group psychotherapy. In E. Stivers & S. Wheelan (Eds.), The Lewin legacy (pp. 101-112). New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1989). Group-as-a-whole systems theory and practice. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 13(3-4), 131-155.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1989). The invisible group: An integrational theory of group-as-a-whole, The 12th Annual Foulkes Memorial Lecture. Group Analysis: The Journal of the Group Analytic Society, 22 (4), 74-96.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1991). Systems theory and group psychotherapy: From there-and-then to here-and-now. The International Forum of Group Psychotherapy, 1(3).

Agazarian, Y.M. (1992). Friends Series I. System-centered theory & practice: In Y.M. Agazarian, Systems-centered theory and practice: The contribution of Yvonne Agazarian (Edited by SCTRI.) (pp. 1-45). Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.  Available with permission of publisher

Agazarian, Y.M. (2006). Systems-centered practice: Selected papers on group psychotherapy. London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Peters, R. (1981). The visible and invisible group. London, UK: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Re‑printed in paperback (1987). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Bateson, G. (1972). Steps to an ecology of mind. New York, NY: Ballantine Books.

Beck, A.P. (1981). A study of group phase development and emergent leadership. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 5 (4), 48-54.

Bennis, W. G., & Shepard, H. A. (1956). A theory of group development. Human Relations, 9 (4), 415-437.

Bertalanffy, L. von (1968). General system theory: Foundations, development, applications (Rev. ed. 1976). New York, NY: George Braziller.

Bertalanffy, L. von (1969). General systems (Rev. ed.). New York, NY: George Braziller.

Bion, W.R. (1959). Experiences in groups. London, UK: Tavistock.

Bowlby J. (1969). Instinctive behavior: An alternative model. In Attachment and loss, Vol. 1, Attachment. New York: Basic Books.

Cartwright, D., & Zander, A. (1960). Group dynamics research and theory. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Elmsford, Row, Peterson.

Coleman, A.D., & Bexton, W.H. (Eds.) (1975). The group relations reader: Volume I. Washington, D.C.: A. K. Rice Institute.

Coleman, A.D., & Geller, M.H. (Eds.) (1985). The group relations reader: Volume II. Washington, D.C.: A. K. Rice Institute.

Davanloo, H. (1987). Clinical manifestations of superego pathology. International Journal of Short-Term Psychotherapy, 2, 225-254.

de Maré, P.B., Piper, R., & Thompson, S. (1991). Koinonia: From hate, through dialogue, to culture in the large group. London, UK: Karnac Books.

Durkin, J.E. (Ed.). (1981). Living groups: Group psychotherapy and general systems theory. New York, NY: Brunner/Mazel.

Durkin, H. (1972). Group therapy and general systems theory. In C. J. Sager & H. Singer Kaplan (Eds.), Progress in group and family therapy. New York, NY: Brunner/Mazel.

Festinger, L. (1957). A theory of cognitive dissonance. Evanston, IL: Row, Peterson.

Foulkes, S.H. (1964). Therapeutic group analysis. London, UK: Karnac Books.

Horwitz, L. (1983). Projective identification in diads and groups. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 33, 259-279.

Howard, A., & Scott, R.A. (1965). A proposed framework for the analysis of stress in the human organism. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 10, 141-160.

Korzybski, A. (1994). Science and sanity: An introduction to non-Aristotelian systems and general semantics (5th ed.). Englewood, NJ: Institute of General Semantics.

Kreeger, L.C. (Ed.) (1975). The large group: Dynamics and therapy. London, UK: Constable.

Lewin, K. (1951). Field theory in social science. New York, NY: Harper & Row.

McCullough, L. (1991). Short term dynamic psychotherapy: A cross theoretical analysis of change mechanisms. In R. C. Curtis & G. Striker (Eds.), How people change. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Miller, J.G. (1978). Living systems. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Ruesch, J., & Bateson, G. (1951). Communication: The social matrix of psychiatry. New York, NY: Norton.

Shannon, C.E., & Weaver, W. (1964). The mathematical theory of communication. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Winnicott, D.W. (1971). Transitional objects and transitional phenomena. In Playing and reality (pp. 1-25). London, UK: Tavistock.

 

SAVI Readings

Additional readings on SAVI.

Agazarian, YM. (1968). A theory of verbal behaviour and information transfer. (Temple University). Available from UMI Dissertation Express. (AAT 6914069)

Agazarian, Y.M. (1969). A theory of verbal behavior and information transfer. Classroom Interaction Newsletter, 4, 22-33.

Ahlin, G., Sandahl, C., Herlitz, K., & Brimberg, I. (1996). Developing the Matrix Representation Grid (MRG): A method of observing group processes. Findings from time-limited group psychotherapy for alcohol dependent patients. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 20(2), 145-173. doi: 10.1007/BF02109142

Benjamin, B., Yeager, A., & Simon, A. (2012). Conversation transformation: Recognize and overcome the 6 most destructive communication patterns. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Byram, C., Marshall, E., & Simon, A. (2005). Red, yellow, green: Modifying communication patterns in an elementary school system. In S.P. Gantt & Y.M. Agazarian (Eds.), SCT in Action: Applying the systems-centered approach in organizations (pp. 99-128). Lincoln, NE: iUniverse. Reprint (2006). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Cox, B.A. (1976). Communication systems in psychotherapy: An empirical investigation into the treatment ideologies of patients and therapist. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) Simon Frazer University, British Columbia, Canada.

Davis, R. (2013). Creating the conditions for all voices to be heard: Strategies for working with differences. e-O&P Journal of the Association for Management Education and Development, 20(1), 23-29. Available with permission of publisher

Harvey, R.B. (1976). A study of communication change in group process seminars using the Sequential Analysis of Verbal Interaction. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA.

Holst, P. (1990). Male and female communication patterns before and after personal narratives in a long-term support self help group. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) Temple University, Philadelphia, PA.

MacKinnon, J.R. (1980). An empirical investigation of dyadic verbal interaction in the chronic paediatric health care delivery system. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) University of British Columbia, British Columbia, Canada.

MacKinnon, J.R. (1984). Health professionals' patterns of communication: Cross-purpose or problem solving? Journal of Allied Health, 4, 3-12.

Murphy, V. (2007). A longitudinal case study of effectiveness and efficiency in a systems-centered top management team. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.

O’Neill, R.M., Murphy, V., Mogle, J., MacKenzie, M.J., MacGregor, K.L., Pearson, M., & Parekh, M. (2013). Are systems-centered teams more collaborative, productive and creative? Journal of Team Performance Management, 19(3/4), 201-221. doi: 10.1108/TPM-04-2012-0015

Sandahl, C., Lindgren, A., & Herlitz, K. (2000). Does the group conductor make a difference? Communication patterns in group-analytically and cognitive-behaviourally oriented therapy groups. Group Analysis, 33(3), 333-351.

Simon, A. (1993). Using SAVI for couples' therapy. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 4, 39-62.

Simon, A., & Agazarian, Y.M. (1967). SAVI: Sequential analysis of verbal interaction. Philadelphia, PA: Research for Better Schools.

Simon A., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2000). SAVI - The system for analyzing verbal interaction. In A.P. Beck & C.M. Lewis (Eds.), The process of group psychotherapy: Systems for analyzing change (pp. 357-380). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Simon, A., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2000). SAVI: Theory and applications of the system for analyzing verbal interaction. In A. Beck, L. Greene & C. Lewis (Eds.), Process in therapeutic groups: A handbook of systems of analysis. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Simon, A., & Boyer, E.G. (1971). Mirrors for behaviors: An anthology of classroom observation instruments. Vols. 1-17. Philadelphia, PA: Research for Better Schools.

Smith, Joyce A. (1970). The effects of modeling behavior on the communications of clients in counseling situations (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) University of Missouri, Kansas City, MO.

Sturdevant, K.S. (1991). A pilot study of intrapersonal and interpersonal process as measured on the experiencing scale and the sequential analysis of verbal interaction (SAVI). (Unpublished master's thesis.) University of Iowa, Ames, IA.

Weir, R. (1978). Treatment and outcome as a function of staff-patient interaction. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Zimmerman, K.W. (1970). Verbal classroom interaction and characteristics including self-actualization of home economics teachers. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) Iowa State University, Ames, IA.

 

All Readings

This is a single reading list with all titles from the other reading lists.

Agazarian, YM. (1968). A theory of verbal behaviour and information transfer. (Temple University). Available from UMI Dissertation Express. (AAT 6914069)

Agazarian, Y.M. (1969). A theory of verbal behavior and information transfer. Classroom Interaction Newsletter, 4, 22-33.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1969). The agency as a change agent. In A. H.Goldberg (Ed.), Blindness research: The expanding frontiers. University Park, PA and London, UK: Penn State Press.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1982). Role as a bridge construct in understanding the relationship between the individual and the group. In M. Pines & L. Rafaelson (Eds.), The individual and the group, boundaries and interrelations, Vol. I, Theory. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1983). Some advantages of applying multi-dimensional thinking to the teaching, practice and outcomes of group psychotherapy. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy 33 (2), 243-247.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1983). Theory of invisible group applied to individual and group-as-a-whole interpretations. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 7 (2), 27-37.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1986). Application of Lewin’s life space concept to the individual and group-as-a-whole systems in group psychotherapy. In E. Stivers & S. Wheelan (Eds.), The Lewin legacy (pp. 101-112). New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1987). The difficult patient, the difficult group. In Symposium: A discussion of the videotapes of a difficult group. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 11(4), 205-216. doi: 10.1007/BF01459385

Agazarian, Y.M. (1989). Group-as-a-whole systems theory and practice. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 13(3-4), 131-155.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1989). The invisible group: An integrational theory of group-as-a-whole, The 12th Annual Foulkes Memorial Lecture. Group Analysis: The Journal of the Group Analytic Society, 22 (4), 74-96.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1991). Systems theory and group psychotherapy: From there-and-then to here-and-now. The International Forum of Group Psychotherapy, 1(3).

Agazarian, Y.M. (1992). Friends Series I. System-centered theory & practice: In Y.M. Agazarian, Systems-centered theory and practice: The contribution of Yvonne Agazarian (Edited by SCTRI.) (pp. 1-45). Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.  Available with permission of publisher

Agazarian, Y.M. (1992). Contemporary theories of group psychotherapy: A systems approach to the group-as-a-whole. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 42(3), 177-203.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1993). Reframing the group-as-a-whole. In T. Hugg, N. Carson, & R. Lipgar, (Eds.), Changing group relations: Proceedings of the ninth scientific meeting of the A.K. Rice Institute (pp.165-187). Juniper, FL: A.K. Rice Institute.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1994). The phases of development and the systems-centered group. In M. Pines & V. Schermer (Eds.), Ring of fire: Primitive object relations and affect in group psychotherapy (pp. 36-85). London, UK: Routledge, Chapman & Hall.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1996). An up-to-date guide to the theory, constructs and hypotheses of a theory of living human systems and its systems-centered practice. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 1, 3-12.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1997). Glossary of SCT terms. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 3-10.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1997). Systems‑centered therapy for groups. New York, NY: Guilford. Re‑printed in paperback (2004). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1997). Systems-centered therapy. In H. G. Rosenthal (Ed.), Favorite counseling and therapy techniques. Washington, DC: Accelerated Development.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1999). Phases of development in the systems-centered group. Small Group Research, 30(1), 82-107. doi: 10.1177/104649649903000105

Agazarian, Y.M. (1999). Systems-centered supervision. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 49(2), 215-236.

Agazarian, Y.M. (1999). Systems-centered therapy. In J. Donigian & D. Hulse-Killacky (Eds.), Critical incidents in group therapy. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2001). A systems-centered approach to inpatient group psychotherapy. London, UK & Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2002). A systems-centered approach to individual and group psychotherapy. In L. Vandecreek & T. Jackson (Eds.), Innovations in clinical practice: A source book, Vol. 20 (pp. 223-240). Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2006). Systems-centered practice: Selected papers on group psychotherapy. London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2010). Systems-centered theory and practice: The contribution of Yvonne Agazarian (Edited by SCTRI.) Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2012). Systems-centered group psychotherapy: A theory of living human systems and its systems-centered practice. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 36(1), 19-36.

Agazarian, Y.M. (2012). Systems-centered group psychotherapy: Putting theory into practice. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 62(2) 171-195. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2012.62.2.171

Agazarian, Y.M., & Byram, C. (2009). First build the system: The systems-centered approach to combined psychotherapy. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 33(2), 129-148.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Carter, F. (1993). The large group and systems-centered theory. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 17(4), 210-234.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2000). Autobiography of a theory: Developing a theory of living human systems and its systems-centered practice. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2003). Phases of group development: Systems-centered hypotheses and their implications for research and practice. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice, 7(3), 238-252. doi: 10.1037/1089-2699.7.3.238

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2005). The systems perspective. In S. Wheelan (Ed.), Handbook of group research and practice (pp. 187-200). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.  Available with permission of publisher

Agazarian, Y.M., & Gantt, S.P. (2005). The systems-centered approach to the group-as-a-whole. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 29(1), 163-186.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Janoff, S. (1993). Systems theory and small groups. In I. Kaplan & B. Sadock (Eds.), Comprehensive textbook of group psychotherapy (pp. 33-44, 3rd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, Division of Waverly.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Peters, R. (1981). The visible and invisible group. London, UK: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Re‑printed in paperback (1987). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Agazarian, Y.M., & Philibossian, B. (1998). A theory of living human systems as an approach to leadership of the future with examples of how it works. In E. Klein, F. Gabelnick & P. Herr (Eds.), The psychodynamics of leadership (pp. 127-160). Madison, CT: Psychosocial Press.

Ahlin, G., Sandahl, C., Herlitz, K., & Brimberg, I. (1996). Developing the Matrix Representation Grid (MRG): A method of observing group processes. Findings from time-limited group psychotherapy for alcohol dependent patients. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 20(2), 145-173. doi: 10.1007/BF02109142

Bateson, G. (1972). Steps to an ecology of mind. New York, NY: Ballantine Books.

Beck, A.P. (1981). A study of group phase development and emergent leadership. GROUP: The Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 5 (4), 48-54.

Benjamin, B., Yeager, A., & Simon, A. (2012). Conversation transformation: Recognize and overcome the 6 most destructive communication patterns. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Bennis, W. G., & Shepard, H. A. (1956). A theory of group development. Human Relations, 9 (4), 415-437.

Bertalanffy, L. von (1968). General system theory: Foundations, development, applications (Rev. ed. 1976). New York, NY: George Braziller.

Bertalanffy, L. von (1969). General systems (Rev. ed.). New York, NY: George Braziller.

Bion, W.R. (1959). Experiences in groups. London, UK: Tavistock.

Bowlby J. (1969). Instinctive behavior: An alternative model. In Attachment and loss, Vol. 1, Attachment. New York: Basic Books.

Brabender, V., & Fallon, A. (2009). Group development in practice. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Byram, C., Marshall, E., & Simon, A. (2005). Red, yellow, green: Modifying communication patterns in an elementary school system. In S.P. Gantt & Y.M. Agazarian (Eds.), SCT in Action: Applying the systems-centered approach in organizations (pp. 99-128). Lincoln, NE: iUniverse. Reprint (2006). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Carter, F. (1996). Working with large groups in crisis: A systems-centered approach. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 1, 45-52.

Carter, F. (2000). Relationships as a function of context. In U. McCluskey & C. Hooper (Eds.), Psychodynamic perspectives on abuse: The cost of fear. London, UK & Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley.

Cartwright, D., & Zander, A. (1960). Group dynamics research and theory. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Elmsford, Row, Peterson.

Cilasun, J., & Herrewegh, M. (2013). The ‘group-analytic stance’ in training of psychiatrists: Race, cultural differences and the case based discussion group. Group Analysis, 46(3), 245-255. doi: 10.1177/0533316413495486

Coleman, A.D., & Bexton, W.H. (Eds.) (1975). The group relations reader: Volume I. Washington, D.C.: A. K. Rice Institute.

Coleman, A.D., & Geller, M.H. (Eds.) (1985). The group relations reader: Volume II. Washington, D.C.: A. K. Rice Institute.

Cox, B.A. (1976). Communication systems in psychotherapy: An empirical investigation into the treatment ideologies of patients and therapist. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) Simon Frazer University, British Columbia, Canada.

Davanloo, H. (1987). Clinical manifestations of superego pathology. International Journal of Short-Term Psychotherapy, 2, 225-254.

Davis, R. (2013). Creating the conditions for all voices to be heard: Strategies for working with differences. e-O&P Journal of the Association for Management Education and Development, 20(1), 23-29. Available with permission of publisher

de Maré, P.B., Piper, R., & Thompson, S. (1991). Koinonia: From hate, through dialogue, to culture in the large group. London, UK: Karnac Books.

Durkin, H. (1972). Group therapy and general systems theory. In C. J. Sager & H. Singer Kaplan (Eds.), Progress in group and family therapy. New York, NY: Brunner/Mazel.

Durkin, J.E. (Ed.). (1981). Living groups: Group psychotherapy and general systems theory. New York, NY: Brunner/Mazel.

Farrier, A., Davis, R., Froggett, L., & Poursanidou, K. (2010). “Shotgun partnership”: A systems-centered case study analysis.  Journal of Place Management and Development, 3(2), 136 -148. doi: 10.1108/17538331011062685

Festinger, L. (1957). A theory of cognitive dissonance. Evanston, IL: Row, Peterson.

Foulkes, S.H. (1964). Therapeutic group analysis. London, UK: Karnac Books.

Ganley, R. (1997). Psychological and psycho-educational evaluations: Increasing the permeability of the reality-irreality and person-self boundaries. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 34-38.

Gantt, S.P. (1996). Defense analysis: Linking SCT theory and practice - cognitive defenses. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 1, 35-40.

Gantt, S.P. (1997). Similarities and differences. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 23-30.

Gantt, S.P. (2005). Functional role-taking in organizations and work groups. Group Psychologist (APA Division 49 newsletter), 15(5), 15.  Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P. (2009). The clinical pastoral circle: Using systems-centered methods to develop a clinical pastoral team. In C.F. Garlid, A.A. Zollfrank & G. Fitchett (Eds.), Expanding the circle: Essays in honor of Joan Hemenway (pp. 109-136). Decatur, GA: Journal of Pastoral Care Publications.

Gantt, S.P. (2011). Systems-centered approach to groups. In J. Kleinberg (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of group psychotherapy (pp. 113-138). Oxford, UK: Wiley.

Gantt, S.P. (2013). Applying systems-centered theory (SCT) and methods in organizational contexts: Putting SCT to work. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 63(2), 234-258. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2013.63.2.234

Gantt, S.P., & Adams, J.M. (2010). Systems-centered training for therapists: Beyond stereotyping to integrating diversities into the change process. Women & Therapy, 33(1), 101-120. doi: 10.1080/02703140903404812

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2004). Systems-centered emotional intelligence: Beyond individual systems to organizational systems. Organizational Analysis, 12 (2), 147-169. doi: 10.1108/eb028990   Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (Eds.) (2005). SCT in action: Applying the systems-centered approach in organizations. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse. Reprint (2006). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (Eds.) (2006). Systems-centered therapy: In clinical practice with individuals, families and groups. Livermore, CA: WingSpan Press. Reprint (2011). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2007). Phases of system development in organizational work groups: The systems-centered approach for intervening in context. Organisational & Social Dynamics, 7(2), 253-291.  Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2010). Developing the group mind through functional subgrouping: Linking systems-centered training (SCT) and interpersonal neurobiology. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 60(4), 515-544. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2010.60.4.515   Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2011). Highlights from ten years of a systems-centered large group: Work in progress. Voices: The Art and Science of Psychotherapy, 47(1), 40-50.

Gantt, S.P., & Agazarian, Y.M. (2011). The group mind, systems-centred functional subgrouping, and interpersonal neurobiology. In E. Hopper & H. Weinberg (Eds.), The social unconscious in persons, groups, and societies: Volume 1: Mainly theory (pp. 99-123). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Gantt, S.P., & Badenoch, B. (Eds.) (2013). The interpersonal neurobiology of group psychotherapy and group process. London, UK: Karnac Books.

Gantt, S.P., & Cox, P. (Eds.) (2010). Introduction to the special issue: Neurobiology and building interpersonal systems: Groups, couples, and beyond [Special issue]. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 60(4), 455-461. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2010.60.4.455

Gantt, S.P., & Hopper, E. (2008). Two perspectives on a trauma in a training group: The systems-centered approach and the theory of incohesion (part I). Group Analysis, 41(1), 92-106. doi: 10.1177/0533316408088416  Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Hopper, E. (2008). Two perspectives on a trauma in a training group: The systems-centered approach and the theory of incohesion (part II). Group Analysis, 41(2), 123-139. doi: 10.1177/0533316408089879    Available with permission of publisher

Gantt, S.P., & Hopper, E. (2012). Two perspectives on a trauma in a training group: The systems-centered approach and the theory of incohesion. In E. Hopper (Ed.), Trauma and organizations (pp. 233-254). London, UK: Karnac Books.

Goldberg, S. (1997). Module 1 defense modification: Its application for short-term individual and group psychotherapy. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 31-33.

Haddock, R. (2004). Drawing the isolate into the group flow: A commentary from a systems-centered therapy perspective. Group Analysis, 37(1), 82-90. Available with permission of publisher

Harvey, R.B. (1976). A study of communication change in group process seminars using the Sequential Analysis of Verbal Interaction. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA.

Holst, P. (1990). Male and female communication patterns before and after personal narratives in a long-term support self help group. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) Temple University, Philadelphia, PA.

Horwitz, L. (1983). Projective identification in diads and groups. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 33, 259-279.

Howard, A., & Scott, R.A. (1965). A proposed framework for the analysis of stress in the human organism. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 10, 141-160.

Kahn, C. (1996). Evolution of group therapy from individual in the group to group-as-a-whole to group-as-a-system. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 1, 13-18.

Koprowska, J. (1999). Videotapes: Moving images: The teaching and learning of interviewing skills in a university social work department. Facts, Feelings and Feedback: A collaborative approach to direct observation. [Available from the author at: University of York, Department of Social Policy and Social Work, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK. Cost $50 for each set.]

Korzybski, A. (1994). Science and sanity: An introduction to non-Aristotelian systems and general semantics (5th ed.). Englewood, NJ: Institute of General Semantics.

Kreeger, L.C. (Ed.) (1975). The large group: Dynamics and therapy. London, UK: Constable.

Ladden, L. J., Gantt, S. P., Rude, S., & Agazarian, Y. M. (2007). Systems-centered therapy: A protocol for treating generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, (37)2, 61-70. doi: 10.1007/s10879-006-9037-6   Available with permission of publisher

Lewin, K. (1951). Field theory in social science. New York, NY: Harper & Row.

MacKinnon, J.R. (1980). An empirical investigation of dyadic verbal interaction in the chronic paediatric health care delivery system. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) University of British Columbia, British Columbia, Canada.

MacKinnon, J.R. (1984). Health professionals' patterns of communication: Cross-purpose or problem solving? Journal of Allied Health, 4, 3-12.

McCluskey, U. (2002). The dynamics of attachment and systems-centered group psychotherapy. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice, 6(2), 131-142.

McCluskey, U. (2005). To be met as a person: The Dynamics of attachment in professional encounters. London, UK: Karnac Books.

McCullough, L. (1991). Short term dynamic psychotherapy: A cross theoretical analysis of change mechanisms. In R. C. Curtis & G. Striker (Eds.), How people change. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

McHenry, I. (1997). Integrating and transforming grief: A phenomenological account of a member's experience in a systems-centered group. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 58-60.

Michael, T.A. (1997). Does that dream have a subgroup? The use of dreams in systems-centered theory. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 18-22.

Miller, J.G. (1978). Living systems. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Murphy, V. (2007). A longitudinal case study of effectiveness and efficiency in a systems-centered top management team. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.

O'Neill, R.M. (1996). Building an historical-empirical context for the systems-centered theory and practice. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 1, 19-22.

O'Neill, R.M. (1997). Systems-centered theory and the trans-theoretical stages of change: Building a bridge of theory and data. SCT Journal: Systems-Centered Theory and Practice, 2, 11-17.

O’Neill, R.M., & Constantino, M.J. (2008). Systems-centered training groups’ process and outcome: A comparison with AGPA institute groups. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 58(1), 77-102. doi: 10.1521/ijgp.2008.58.1.77

O’Neill, R.M., Constantino, M.J., & Mogle, J. (2012). Does Agazarian’s systems-centered functional subgrouping improve mood, learning and goal achievement?: A study in large groups. Group Analysis, 45, 375-390. doi: 10.1177/0533316412448287

O’Neill, R.M., Gantt, S.P., Burlingame, G.M., Mogle, J., Johnson, J., & Silver, R. (2013). Developing the systems-centered functional subgrouping questionnaire-2. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 17(4), 252-269. doi: 10.1037/a0034925

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